icts appear to have a religious or ethnic basis, some scholars believe their root cause may be economic, with ethnic divisio
s serving as a way to exclude other groups from access to scarce resources and opportunities. Whatever its so
urce, inequality of opportunity has a highly disruptive effect on governance and hence growth.
But these obstacles are not insurmountable. For one th
ing, developing countries now have huge potential export markets in middle-inc
ome countries, and no longer depend entirely on advanced economies for access to global markets.
There is also a renewed awareness of the importance of infrastructure in e
nabling growth. In addition to roads, railways and ports, electricity and digital conn
ectivity are crucial. In this regard, the rapid expansion of cellular wireless technology, combined with the install
ation of high-capacity undersea broadband pipes around Africa, represents major prog
e charge of the task, according to the decree signed by Premier Li Keqiang.
All government services, unless otherwise specified by laws and regulations or involving state secrets, shall
be processed online in line with the procedures determined by the State Council, the decree noted.
Government service providers must not require enterprises or ind
ividuals to submit information that is already acces
sible through information sharing. Neither are they allo
wed to put the submitted information to other uses.
The decree also confirms the legal validity of electronic signatures, seals, certificates and archives.
The decree came into effect the day it was made public.
at the end of the semester. “The key knowledge is clearly pinpointed, and I make notes.
When the end of the semester arrives, I read it again. It is especially helpful for my exam,” she said.
Wang, the history teacher, said the document iThe Jiangsu teachers have all been given free lodgings next to the scho
ol, so they are close to their students in class and in life. The school also provides societies where the students are fre
e to develop hobbies, such as learning piano or Tibetan calligraphy.s designed to help students study independently. The
core contents still come from the textbook, but they are listed in a more straightforward way.
“After reading it, the students gain a basic understanding of the things they need to research about the subject,” he said.
“Only when they form such a basis can they better absorb the knowledge comm
unicated during classes, instead of mechanically cramming knowledge into their heads.”
of them are relatives, so the close ties between them are not broken by national borders. What th
e school has been doing is to further strengthen the special bond between the two peoples,” he said.
The school has preschool classes and first through third grades and all classes are taught in Chinese, Dai dialect and Burm
ese, Sun said, adding that students can take advantage of free tuition and nutritious breakfasts.
Jie En, 11, a Myanmar student at the school, said, “The teachers do not
treat us differently because we come from a different country, and people cannot tell wh
ether we are from China or Myanmar because we can also speak fluent Chinese.”
Myanmar students only need to show proof of identification and a b
irth certificate to register at the school and are allowed four entries into China a day, he said.
llati said, noting that the Italian and Chinese peoples have always trusted each other and
maintained profound friendship, with close ties in such fields as economy and trade, and culture.
The Senate speaker said she agrees with Xi on his remarks about the traditional friendly exchanges between the two cou
ntries dating back over 2,000 years, published in leading Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera ahead of his visit.
China and Italy are major countries that boast a rich culture, she said, adding that Italy is willing to boost communication and c
ooperation with the Chinese side in such fields as culture, art, language, heritage protection, tourism, science and tec
hnology, and innovation, and encourage their youths to increase exchanges and mutual understanding.