Regulations on the Administration of Domestic Waste in Shanghai came into effect on July 1, 2019.
娱乐地图女神会所This shows that Shanghai is carrying out the most ambitious gar
bage revolution in history, with the topic “Garbage Classification Revolution” in Shanghai beco
ming a major point of public discussion, attracting media attention at home and abroad.娱乐地图
1. Shanghai’s waste classification system: infrastructure and humanism
娱乐地图女神会所China has carried out bagged garbage collection since the mid-80s and in 1995 began exploring the classification of garbage.
The Ministry of Housing and Construction in 2000 selected eight maj
or cities, including Beijing, Shanghai and Hangzhou, to classify and recycle garbage.娱乐地图
After 19 years of this pilot, the expected results have not been achieved. Munici
娱乐地图女神会所pal garbage disposal has become a bottleneck problem restricting China’s development.
Shanghai is on par with cities like New York, London, Tokyo and Paris when consider
ing its economy and finance, shipping, trade, and science and technology industries.娱乐地图女神会所
Today incineration accounts for about 36 percent of Shanghai’s dome
s娱乐地图tic waste treatment, landfills about half,, and recycling less than 10 percent.
The figures for London are 40, 30, and nearly 30 percent, respectively, with Tokyo registering about 75, 3, and 20 percent.
Compared with these global first-tier cities, the gap in urban waste classificati娱乐地图女神会所
on in Shanghai is not only down to infrastructure, but the humanism of its residents.
2. Shanghai’s three later-developing advantages娱乐地图
After entering a new era, Shanghai encountered unprecedented opportunities
娱乐地图in domestic garbage treatment, reflected in three later-developing advantages.
(1) Shanghai has the advantage of “overtaking in bends”娱乐地图女神会所
Four first-tier cities across the world established modern garbage classification systems about 50 years ago.
Doctors in Hubei province have successfully transplanted kidneys
from a prematurely born donor baby into a 47-year-old woman suffering from kidney failure.娱乐地图女神会所
The donor weighed only 1.3 kilograms, the lightest kidney donor ever reported, Wuhan Union Hospital said on Wednesday.
娱乐地图The woman, surnamed Wang, from Duchang county, Jiangxi province, was diagnos
ed with uremia in June last year and transplant surgery performed a month later.
Without the transplant, she would have had to rely on blood dialysis for the rest of her life.娱乐地图女神会所
The kidneys used in the surgery were from a baby born prematurely
娱乐地图, whose parents decided to donate the organs after the infant died, the hospital said.
Following a year of follow-up treatment, the baby’s kidneys, which were between 3 and 4 centimeters long when tran娱乐地图
splanted, have grown to 6.9 cm and 7.6 cm in the patient’s body, closer to the usual size of 10 cm for an adult.
娱乐地图女神会所The two kidneys are functioning normally and Wang’s health has recovered, the hospital said.
Transplant surgeries using kidneys donated by infants are
very difficult compared with kidneys donated by adults. Generally, infants that weigh less th娱乐地图
an 5 kg are not considered as sources of organs for transplant surgeries abroad, the hospital said.
娱乐地图女神会所Wang Zhendi, a transplant surgeon in the hospital and the woman’s do
ctor, said the blood vessels and ureter, a tube that carries urine from the kidney to the ur
inary bladder, are very thin in infants’ kidneys. This makes precise surgery very difficult, with higher chances of post-surgery complications. It is also more di
fficult for such kidneys to function in an adult’s body as they are not fully developed.娱乐地图
“The less the weight of the donor, the slower the kidney recovers functioning in the body where it is transplanted,” he said.
Although an adult can survive with just one kidney, usually two ki娱乐地图女神会所
dneys are transplanted from an infant to improve the chances of a healthy outcome, he said.
The success of the surgery means sources for kidney transplant surgeries can be expanded to inclu娱乐地图
de infant donors. This will ease the gap between the number of organs donated and the number of patie
娱乐地图女神会所nts with terminal kidney disease waiting for transplant surgery in China, the hospital said.
In Wuhan Union Hospital alone, more than 500 registered patients wit
h kidney failure are waiting for suitable organs for transplantation, the hospital said.
ng should be leveraged to improve coordination mechanisms
for economic policies such as finance, currency, employment, industry, and regional develop
ment to ensure the nation’s economic development stays within a reasonable range, the statement said.
The meeting highlighted the importance of strengthening innovative cap
abilities as well as opening-up and cooperation in this regard, and called for improving the serv
ices and environment for opening-up and cooperation so that development is promoted through opening-up, inn
ovation is advanced through reforms and win-win results are achieved through cooperation, it said.
Tough and newly emerging problems should be resolved through deepening reforms, the state
ment said, adding that the capability of dealing with challenges and preventing risks should be intensified.
udents’ trust. Upon arrival, they were not only faced with the high altitude and thin
ner atmosphere, but also naughty students with a low level of basic knowledge.
Wang Qiming, a history teacher from Huai’an city, Jiangsu, said he experienced some friction when he taught his first class in 2015.
“The students knew less than those in Jiangsu. They didn’t behave well in class or listen to me, so if the situation had not been
handled carefully－if I had become impatient or irritated－the tension could have been harmful,” he said.
Wang decided to proceed slowly and adjust his schedule to match t
he students’ poor skills. He quickly realized that even the seniors sometimes acted like young chi
ldren and needed coaxing and incentives, which many local teachers overlooked.
“Many local teachers have problems. For example, when they teach a class, they may think th
at they have taught a lot at a slow pace with enough detail, and they get annoyed if students don’t remember. In
fact, you should give the children time to digest, sparing five minutes in each class to help them review the work,” he said.